Tips for excursions in Prague

Wenceslas Square Wenceslas Square (formerly known as the "Horse Market"), which is nearly 700 metres long, is the largest cultural and commercial centre in Prague. The Wenceslas Square has been a witness to many historical events, big celebrations as well as demonstrations have traditionally taken place here, until today. The square is dominated by an equestrian statue, representing Saint Wenceslas, the patron saint of the Czech Republic, which is situated in front of the building of the National Museum. At present, mostly hotels, offices, expensive shops, fashion boutiques, souvenir shops and fast-food stands are located here.

Old Town Square Old Town Square is the oldest and at the same time the most important square from the historical point of view in Prague . It began to be formed already in the tenth century on a crossing of important European commercial routes. Some of the most significant Prague historical monuments are located on the Old Town Square - among others the so-called Prague Astronomical Clock, dating back to the year 1410, which forms a part of the southern side of the Old Town Hall.

Charles Bridge Charles Bridge is the oldest bridge across the Vltava River in Prague - it was completed in 1402. It is 515 metres long, it consists of 16 vaults and it is decorated with 30 stone sculptures and sculptural groups. The Charles Bridge has withstood many floods throughout the history and therefore it underwent a general restoration in the '70s and '80s. Today it ranks among the most popular Prague tourist monuments.

Prague Castle Prague Castle represents the traditional seat of Czech monarchs and since 1918 also the seat of the president of the Czech Republic. The origins of the Prague Castle date back to the ninth century, throughout the history the castle has been extended and re-built several times. In its present form it is 570 metres long and 130 metres wide and hence it is the largest castle in the world, according to the Guiness Book of Records. The Saint Vitus Cathedral, in which the crown jewels of Czech kings are stored, is also a part of the castle.

Vyšehrad Vyšehrad was originally a princely hillfort, dating back to the tenth century, which was gradually re-built to a massive fortress. The fortification is located on a high bluff over the right bank of the Vltava River. Throughout its history, Vyšehrad has been, among others, also the seat of Czech monarchs - the famous Saint Peter's and Paul's church at Vyšehrad was built at that time.